Mussolini Laval Agreement

The agreements were confirmed by an act of the French Parliament of 26 March 1935. [1] The French and Italian parliaments ratified the 1935 agreement. As ratification instruments were not exchanged, the ICJ described the agreement as “un-ratified”. [2] Perhaps the reason Mussolini triumphed in Abyssinia was as much related to the weakness of the League of Nations as to the strength of Italy. Was the suffering entirely Mussolini? Or should the rest of the League of Nations share responsibility? The Origins of the Second World War, 225-242 In 1919, 32 nations met in France to found the League of Nations. The League Confederation said it would take steps to avoid wars. An attack on a member of the league would be considered an attack on all members who would act together against the aggressor. Laval had replaced Louis Barthou of Yugoslavia as Foreign Minister after his assassination in Marseille on 9 October 1934, along with King Alexander I. Laval borrowed the idea of his predecessor from a collective security system to contain Hitler`s threat in Europe.

On January 4, 1935, Laval went to Rome, the capital of Italy, to meet Mussolini. It was the beginning of a diplomatic offensive that Hitler`s Germany had to contain through a network of alliances. The Franco-Italian agreements (often called the Mussolini-Laval agreements) were signed in Rome on 7 January 1935 by both French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval and Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. Some historians believe that the Abyssinian crisis destroyed the credibility of the League of Nations. This war indicated that the ideals of peace and collective security on which the League had been founded were now abandoned. It was even argued that after Italy`s triumph in Abyssinia, Hitler could be confident in the execution of acts of war in Czechoslovakia and Poland. This service is more advanced with JavaScript He proposed a contract to Mussolini to define controversial parts of French Somaliland (now Djibouti) as part of Eritrea, redefine the official status of Italians in French Tunisia and give Italy a preponderant freedom to occupy Ethiopia during the Abyssinian crisis. The British ceded Oltre Giuba (now Jubaland) in 1925 from Kenya to Italian Somalia, but the French delayed a few years until 1935 under the leadership of Laval and ceded little territory in East Africa and a desert area in the French Sahara.

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