2. India would place these civilian nuclear facilities under the security provisions of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). On 22 July 2008, the UPA faced its first vote of confidence in the Lok Sabha, after the Communist Party of India (Marxist) withdrew its support for India, which moved closer to the IAEA for Indo-US. Nuclear deal. The UPA won the confidence vote by 275 votes out of 256 votes of the opposition (10 members abstained) to win a victory of 19 votes.     In September 2014, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi first visited Washington after taking office, the nuclear agreement was re-discussed. This proves that over the years, the nuclear agreement has been the foundation of india-U.S. relations. However, under this agreement, little has been achieved with regard to nuclear energy. According to an article in The Indian Express, India has not purchased a single reactor from the United States in the ten years since the agreement was signed. A September 2008 waiver would have recognized “measures that India has voluntarily taken.”  The waiver declaration called for the NSG to be informed of bilateral agreements and for regular consultations to be conducted; However, it would have waived, even without additional conditions, the full protection requirements of the NSG guidelines.  The blockade has had an impact to some extent on India`s plans to monitor nuclear energy and establish bilateral relations with other supplier countries. Section 17B of the Act allowed a responsible operator to recover compensation from suppliers in the event of a nuclear accident, with liability maintained for a potentially indeterminate period.
 This has become a major challenge in the India-U.S. Agreement 123, as it violated international standards of redress in nuclear civil liability agreements, which impose sole liability on operators. India signed an international treaty called the Convention on Supplemental Compensation for Nuclear Damage, which caused concern among its American counterparts due to a divergence in the adoption of the international treaty and Indian national laws. However, during President Barack Obama`s visit to India in 2015, a compromise was reached between the two sides and India agreed to create an insurance pool to protect companies that build reactors in the country. India would thus relieve investors of the payment clause of huge compensation in the event of an incident.  The issue of civil liability poses a challenge to India and other states in establishing bilateral and multilateral relations in the area of civil cooperation in the field of nuclear energy.